As childbirth, motherhood, and child rearing became medicalized, the once-common practice of wet-nursing began to decline. In most developed countries—because drugs , alcohol , and viruses such as HIV and other potentially damaging matter can be passed to an infant through breast milk—the practice of wet-nursing has been largely replaced by the use of infant formula.
The return of the wet-nurse | Daily Mail Online
In regions where other alternatives are scarce, wet-nursing continues to be common. The practice of cross-nursing, where a woman breast-feeds both her child and another, is sometimes employed, most commonly for purposes of child care or babysitting. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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Lactation , secretion and yielding of milk by females after giving birth.
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The milk is produced by the mammary glands, which are contained within the breasts. The breasts, unlike most of the other organs, continue to increase in size after childbirth. Drug , any chemical substance that affects the functioning of living things and the organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses that infect them.
Pharmacology, the science of drugs, deals with all aspects of drugs in medicine, including their mechanism of action, physical and chemical properties, metabolism, therapeutics, and toxicity. Alcohols may be considered as organic derivatives of water H 2 O in which one of the hydrogen atoms has been replaced by an alkyl….
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Virus , an infectious agent of small size and simple composition that can multiply only in living cells of animals, plants, or bacteria. HIV , retrovirus that attacks and gradually destroys the immune system, leaving the host unprotected against infection. Help us improve this article!
John Tolan discusses a bull by Pope Innocent III in which he states that Jewish parents forced their Christian midwives to express breastmilk into the latrine for three days after having taken communion. Jewish sources do not support this practice, and Tolan argues that the Pope seeks to demonstrate the power of the Eucharist while spreading further anti-Jewish rumors.
Although it is not clear that these kinds of beliefs persisted across Western Europe, it is certain that the medieval Spanish preoccupation with ethnic purity, imagined culturally as purity of the blood, was common to some degree to Christian, Jewish, and Muslim communities in Iberia.
Consequently, the milk-as-blood theory discouraged cross-cultural wet nursing and placed a limit on the opportunities of potential wet nurses. Hosted by The University of Iowa Libraries.
File:Masaoka, a Wet Nurse to the Date Clan, Holding Her Murdered Child LACMA M.84.31.243.jpg
Home What is Feminae? Click to view high resolution image Title: Choosing a wet nurse Creator: Public domain Subject See Also: London, British Library, Sloane , f. Vellum parchment ; Paint Donor: Pages ; Fildes, Valerie. A Historical Review of Western Europe. Aldine De Gruyter, Pages ; Tolan, John.
Edited by Elisheva Baumgarten and Judah D. Pages see pages for the discussion of wet nurses. Also available open access: